Cytokines are synthesized and released by immune system cells and mediate critical immune responses. Aging is associated with increased serum levels of some pro-inflammatory cytokines . A positive correlation between the concentration of several cytokines and blood pressure has been reported; higher cytokine concentrations may be related to the underlying causes of hypertension through the effects of inflammatory responses or as an independent etiology for hypertension .To assess the relationship between the serum levels of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors, with biochemical and anthropometric characteristics in healthy Iranian subjects.

Material and methods:
Anthropometric measurements and blood sampling were performed in 103 healthy Iranian participants. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), hs-CRP and lipid profile were measured in these participants. 12 serum cytokines/growth factors (MCP-1, TNF-α, EGF, IFN-γ, VEGF, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 were measured.

FBG was positively associated with serum IL-2, IL-4 and IL-1α (P = 0.044, < 0.001 and = 0.017, respectively). Serum EGF and IL-4 were positively associated with age (P < 0.001). IL-8 was inversely associated with SBP (P = 0.002) and gender (P = 0.028). There was a positive association between VEGF and HDL (P = 0.007). The serum levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α were positively associated with serum TG (P = 0.018 and 0.006, respectively).

There are associations between various pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines in serum and several anthropometric measurements.