Systemic oxidoreductive balance and vascular function in individuals without clinical manifestation of atherosclerosis
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Submission date: 2017-07-09
Acceptance date: 2017-07-31
Publication date: 2017-10-05
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2017;2(1):37–45
Introduction: Endothelial dysfunction is recognized as the earliest disorder in the development of atherosclerosis, in the pathogenesis of which oxidative stress plays a crucial role. The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between non-invasive parameters of vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress.
Material and methods: Forty-eight individuals without clinical manifestation of atherosclerosis were studied. The plasma concentrations of the following were determined in all 48 subjects: retinol, ascorbic acid, -tocopherol and uric acid, as well as the products of oxidative DNA damage repair: 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in blood leukocytes and urine, and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua) in urine. The following parameters of vascular dysfunction were also examined: flow- (FMD) and nitroglycerin- (NMD) mediated dilatation of the brachial artery, pulse pressure (PP), distensibility coefficient (DC), pulsation (PI) and resistance (RI) index, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and ankle-brachial index (ABI).
Results: Individuals with an FMD value of ≥ 8.8% had significantly higher blood concentrations of antioxidative vitamins and lower concentrations of 8-oxodG in their urine and blood leukocytes than their counterparts. Blood concentration of alpha-tocopherol or ascorbic acid positively correlated with FMD, PI, RI, DC and ABI and negatively with PP and cIMT. The reverse was the case for 8-oxodG in urine and leukocytes. In multiple regression analysis, markers of oxidative DNA damage positively determined the variance in PP and ABI.
Conclusions: In persons without clinical manifestation of atherosclerosis, oxidative stress was an independent factor associated with vascular wall dysfunction, and a better predictor than smoking and blood concentrations of glucose, lipids and creatinine.