Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease among diabetic patients in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic and associated risk factors
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Submission date: 2018-01-15
Final revision date: 2018-01-29
Acceptance date: 2018-01-31
Publication date: 2018-02-15
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2018;3(1):35–40
Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a major risk factor of coronary artery disease and a major complication of atherosclerosis. Peripheral arterial disease can be diagnosed with simple and low cost techniques. There are major risk factors of PAD that have been studied for different countries. However, no such study has been done for the Dominican Republic. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of PAD and the risk factors among patients with diabetes in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Material and methods: Six hundred randomly chosen patients with previously diagnosed diabetes were enrolled in our study. Their blood pressure and ankle brachial index were calculated and a questionnaire was provided to gather information regarding gender, age, weight, ethnicity, known duration of diabetes along with any history of smoking, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. A physical examination was also done to assess for any active diabetic ulcers, previous foot ulcers and non-traumatic amputation. A microfilament test was conducted to check for peripheral neuropathy.
Results: Eighty-four diabetic patients were diagnosed with PAD with a prevalence of 14% in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) was found for female gender, presence of active foot ulcers, history of past foot ulcer, non-traumatic amputation, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and peripheral neuropathy. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), age and smoking were not statistically significant in our study.
Conclusions: Diabetic patients who are either female, have active foot ulcers, a history of past foot ulcer, non-traumatic amputation, hypertension, hyperlipidemia or peripheral neuropathy are more at risk of developing PAD.