Aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in diabetes
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1st Department of Internal Medicine and Diabetes Center, Tzaneio General Hospital, Piraeus, Greece
Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Center, Metropolitan Hospital, Piraeus, Greece
Submission date: 2020-06-20
Final revision date: 2020-08-30
Acceptance date: 2020-09-27
Publication date: 2021-04-22
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2021;6(1):109–114
It is well established that people with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared with those without diabetes. Although the protective role of aspirin in secondary prevention is well documented, its role in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes, after the results of major clinical trials and meta-analyses, is unclear. The observed discrepancies might be explained in part in terms of the differences between the background cardiovascular risks, follow-up periods, age and gender of the study populations. Recently, the results of the ASCEND trial in people with diabetes documented the cardiovascular benefit of aspirin for primary prevention, but with an increased risk of bleeding that might outweigh the observed cardiovascular benefit. Therefore, current guidelines recommend its use for primary prevention in people with and without diabetes under specific circumstances. The purpose of the present review is to summarize the existing literature data regarding the place that aspirin has in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.