Is there any association between vitamin D levels and isolated coronary artery ectasia?
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Submission date: 2016-09-20
Final revision date: 2016-10-16
Acceptance date: 2016-10-17
Publication date: 2016-10-25
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2016;1(1):117–122
Introduction: It has been postulated that low vitamin D levels are associated with coronary artery diseases. Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is associated with atherosclerosis, congenital cardiac defects, immunological diseases and connective tissue diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between vitamin D and parathormone levels and isolated coronary artery ectasia and its extent.
Material and methods: The study included 93 participants: 47 patients (35 male, 12 female) with isolated CAE and 46 subjects (28 male, 18 female) with normal coronary arteries. Demographic characteristics of patients and controls were obtained from medical records, and Markis scores of patients were calculated. Serum vitamin D and parathormone levels were quantitatively measured by the paramagnetic particle chemiluminescence method.
Results: Serum vitamin D levels were found to be significantly lower in patients with isolated CAE than the control group (9.15 ±4.4 ng/ml, 13.35 ±5.9 ng/ml, p < 0.001). Parathormone levels were significantly higher in the CAE group than the control group (61.4 ±31.6, 48.7 ±25.5, p < 0.036). However, the study revealed no association between serum vitamin D levels and the extent of CAE according to the Markis classification (p = 0.23).
Conclusions: This study revealed that lower vitamin D levels and higher parathormone levels were associated with isolated CAE, but there was no association between vitamin D levels and the extent of CAE.