Common rs5918 (PlA1/A2) polymorphism in the ITGB3 gene and risk of coronary artery disease
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Submission date: 2016-03-26
Acceptance date: 2016-04-07
Publication date: 2016-04-27
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2016;1(1):9–15
Introduction: The T to C transition at nucleotide 1565 of the human glycoprotein IIIa (ITGB3) gene represents a genetic polymorphism (PlA1/A2) that can influence both platelet activation and aggregation and that has been associated with many types of disease. Here, we present a newly designed multiplex tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system – polymerase chain reaction (T-ARMS-PCR) for genotyping a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (dbSNP ID: rs5918) in the human ITGB3 gene.
Material and methods: We set up T-ARMS-PCR for the rs5918 SNP in a single-step PCR and the results were validated by the PCR-RFLP method in 132 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and 122 unrelated healthy individuals.
Results: Full accordance was found for genotype determination by the PCR-RFLP method. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed a significant association of the rs5918 polymorphism and CAD according to dominant and recessive models (dominant model OR: 2.40, 95% CI: 1.33–4.35; p = 0.003, recessive model OR: 4.71, 95% CI: 1.32–16.80; p = 0.0067).
Conclusions: Our T-ARMS-PCR in comparison with RFLP and allele-specific PCR is more advantageous because this PCR method allows the evaluation of both the wild type and the mutant allele in the same tube. Our results suggest that the rs5918 (PlA1/A2) polymorphism in the ITGB3 gene may contribute to the susceptibility of sporadic Iranian coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.