Can thrombectomy and catheters used increase angiographically visible distal embolization in ST elevation myocardial infarction?
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Submission date: 2016-10-26
Final revision date: 2016-11-25
Acceptance date: 2016-11-28
Publication date: 2016-12-07
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2016;1(1):139–144
Introduction: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the preferred treatment of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Manual thrombectomy catheters developed to prevent distant embolization are theoretically attractive; however, their clinical efficacy remains controversial. The effects of manual thrombectomy catheters on angiographically visible distal embolisation (AVDE) have not been studied so far. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of manual thrombectomy during PPCI on AVDE and to investigate whether there are differences in the incidence of AVDE according to the catheters used.
Material and methods: Six hundred thirty-six consecutive patients undergoing primary PCI were included in the study between January 2010 and December 2012. Patients were divided into two groups: the PCI only group (465 patients) and the PCI plus manual thrombectomy group (171 patients).
Results: Thrombus aspiration was associated with higher AVDE (13.55% vs. 26.9%, p = 0.0001), lower thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame rate (2.49 ±0.86 vs. 2.79 ±0.57, p = 0.0001), lower myocardial blush grade (2.31 ±0.87 vs. 2.47 ±0.7, p = 0.016), lower ejection fraction (EF) (49.9 ±8.5 vs. 46.1 ±9.6, p = 0.0001) and higher maximal troponin release (15.7 ±16 vs. 9.4 ±11, p = 0.0001). No difference was observed in terms of mortality between the groups in follow-up (5.2% vs. 9.03%, p = 0.12). Angiographically visible distal embolisation was observed more frequently with Invatec catheters (p = 0.0001).
Conclusions: Angiographically visible distal embolisation during primary PCI occurs in a significant number of patients treated with manual thrombectomy. The results indicated that the incidence of AVDE may be different depending on the thrombectomy catheters used.