Simvastatin intolerance genetic determinants: some features in ethnic Uzbek patients with coronary artery disease
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Submission date: 2017-06-25
Final revision date: 2017-09-03
Acceptance date: 2017-09-03
Publication date: 2017-10-05
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2017;2(1):68–75
Introduction: The objective is to study the influence of CYP3A5 (6986A>G), CYP2C9 (430C>T), CYP2C9 (1075A>C), SLCO1B1 (521T>C) and BCRP (ABCG2, 421C>A) gene polymorphisms on the development of simvastatin intolerance in ethnic Uzbek patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Material and methods: The case group contained 50 patients with clinical simvastatin-induced intolerance symptoms; the control group contained 50 patients without side-effects. Genotyping was performed by means of the PCR-RFLP method.
Results: Among 37 patients with simvastatin-induced liver symptoms the *3/*3 genotype of the CYP3A5 gene (p = 0.0001) and variant genotype of the CA BCRP gene were observed more frequently than in the control group
(p = 0.0001). However, when the 13 patients who had statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) were compared with the control group (n = 50), it was found that in the case group the 3*/3* genotype of the CYP3A5 gene (OR = 8.6; 95% CI: 2.1–34.1; p = 0.003) and C allele carriers of the gene polymorphism SLCO1B1 (OR = 3.54; 95% CI: 1.35–9.27; χ² = 5.7; p = 0.017) were predominant.
Conclusions: The *3/*3 genotype of the CYP3A5 (6986A>G) gene and CA genotype of the BCRP (ABCG2, 421C>A) gene were associated with simvastatin-induced liver symptoms in ethnic Uzbek CAD patients, whereas in patients with simvastatin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS), the combination of *3/*3 genotype of CYP3A5 (6986A> G) and carriage of the C allele of the SLCO1B1 gene polymorphism was predominant.