The isolated heart perfusion model, a fundamental tool in cardiovascular research, has evolved significantly since its inception in the late 19th century. This review traces the development of the isolated heart model, from its early adaptations by pioneers such as Langendorff and Starling to modern advancements by researchers like Morgan and Neely. We discuss the various applications of the model in pharmacological testing, disease modeling, and educational settings, emphasizing its crucial role in understanding cardiac function and disease mechanisms. Recent technological enhancements, including high-resolution imaging, integration with bioengineering, and advanced genomic and proteomic analyses, have significantly broadened the capabilities of these models. Looking forward, we explore potential future developments such as the integration of precision medicine, stem cell research, and artificial intelligence, which promise to revolutionize the use of isolated heart perfusion models. This review highlights the model’s crucial role in bridging experimental research and clinical applications.
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